Each browser adds their own style formatting to HTML elements for a more readable document. But not every browser treats HTML in the same way. For example, Safari and Chrome will display the same HTML document differently, and these differences are due to built-in browser styling.
To avoid cross-browser style variation, you can create a fresh clean slate by getting rid of the built-in browser styling.
Normalize.css is a small CSS file that provides better cross-browser consistency in the default styling of HTML elements. It’s a modern, HTML5-ready, alternative to the traditional CSS reset.
The Normalize stylesheet also removes browser inconsistencies for HTML elements, but instead of removing everything like CSS Reset, normalize will preserve some useful defaults. Normalize.css was created to make built-in browser styling consistent across all browsers. A lot of people in the tech community refer to Normalize.css as “the new reset.”
The aims of normalize.css are as follows:
- Preserve useful browser defaults rather than erasing them.
- Normalize styles for a wide range of HTML elements.
- Correct bugs and common browser inconsistencies.
- Improve usability with subtle improvements.
- Explain the code using comments and detailed documentation.
It supports a wide range of browsers (including mobile browsers) and includes CSS that normalizes HTML5 elements, typography, lists, embedded content, forms, and tables.
Despite the project being based on the principle of normalization, it uses pragmatic defaults where they are preferable.
Normalize vs Reset
It’s worth understanding in greater detail how normalize.css differs from traditional CSS resets.
Normalize.css preserves useful defaults
Resets force a homogenous visual style by straightening the default styles for all components. Conversely, normalize.css holds numerous helpful default program styles. This implies you don’t need to redeclare styles for all the basic typographic components.
When an element has different default styles in different browsers, normalize.css aims to make those styles consistent and in line with modern standards when possible.
Normalize.css corrects common bugs
It fixes common desktop and mobile browser bugs that ar out of scope for resets. This includes show settings for HTML5 parts, correcting font-size for preformatted text, SVG overflow in IE9, and plenty of form-related bugs across browsers and in operation systems.
Resets typically fail to bring browsers to tier place to begin with regards to however a component is rendered. this can be notably true of forms – a part wherever normalize.css will offer some important help.
Normalize is modular
The venture is separated into moderately autonomous areas, making it simple for you to see precisely which components require styles. Moreover, it gives you the possibility to evacuate segments (e.g., the shape normalizations) on the off chance that you know they will never be required by your site.
Normalize.css has extensive documentation
The normalize code is based on detailed cross-browser research and methodical testing. The file is heavily documented inline and further expanded upon in the GitHub Wiki. This means that you can find out what each line of code is doing, why it was included, what the differences are between browsers, and more easily run your own tests.
The venture intends to help instruct individuals on how programs render components of course and make it less demanding for them to be engaged with submitting enhancements.
How to use normalize.css
First, install or download normalize.css from GitHub. There are then 2 main ways to make use of it.
Approach 1: use normalize.css as a starting point for your own project’s base CSS, customizing the values to match the design’s requirements.
Approach 2: include normalize untouched and build upon it, overriding the defaults later in your CSS if necessary.
When to use Reset.css and When to use Normalize.css?
Many places I have read that if you are going to work on a big project then use Reset.css. There you can control everything for every element. It should not be taken like that. If I take like that then I am left to use Normalize for smaller projects.
Which one is more reliable?
Reset.css is surely more reliable. It reset everything to zero, so it is more reliable and not that it gives you anything new in design of HTML elements.
Normalize.css try to make even the design of HTML elements. There is a chance that it can miss doing so. But those does not matter. You write your own design anyway!